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Pituitary gland volume in at-risk mental state for psychosis: a longitudinal MRI analysis

Walter, Anna and Studerus, Erich and Smieskova, Renata and Tamagni, Corinne and Rapp, Charlotte and Borgwardt, Stefan J. and Riecher-Rössler, Anita. (2015) Pituitary gland volume in at-risk mental state for psychosis: a longitudinal MRI analysis. CNS Spectrums, 20 (2). pp. 122-129.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/68282/

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Abstract

Introduction: Pituitary enlargement has been reported in individuals with schizophrenic psychosis or an at-risk mental state for psychosis (ARMS). In a previous study, our group could show pituitary volume increase in first episode and ARMS patients with later transition to psychosis (ARMS-T). However, there are no longitudinal studies on this issue so far. We therefore examined longitudinally whether transition to psychosis would be accompanied by a further increase of pituitary volume in antipsychotic-naive ARMS patients. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data were acquired from 23 antipsychotic-naive individuals with an ARMS. Ten subjects developed psychosis (ARMS-T) and 13 did not (ARMS-NT). ARMS-T were re-scanned after the onset of psychosis, and ARMS-NT were re-scanned at the end of the study period. RESULTS: There was no significant difference of the pituitary volume between ARMS-T and ARMS-NT in our sample, and there were no significant pituitary volume changes over time. Discussion Longitudinally, we could not detect any further volumetric changes in the pituitary volume with transition to psychosis. CONCLUSIONS: This, together with the result of our previous study, could indicate that the perceived level of stress in ARMS patients is constantly high from very early onward.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie (Riecher-Rössler)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie (Riecher-Rössler)
UniBasel Contributors:Riecher-Rössler, Anita and Studerus, Erich
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
ISSN:1092-8529
e-ISSN:2165-6509
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:25 Jun 2019 12:51
Deposited On:25 Jun 2019 12:51

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