Effects of the herbicide Roundup® on the metabolic activity of Gammarus fossarum Koch, 1836 (Crustacea; Amphipoda)

Von Fumetti, Stefanie and Blaurock, Katharina. (2018) Effects of the herbicide Roundup® on the metabolic activity of Gammarus fossarum Koch, 1836 (Crustacea; Amphipoda). Ecotoxicology, 27. pp. 1249-1260.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/67030/

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Pesticides can easily reach surface waters via runoff and their potential to have detrimental impacts on freshwater organismsis high. Not much is known about how macroinvertebrates react to glyphosate contamination. In this study we investigated lethal and sublethal effects of the exposure of Gammarus fossarum to Roundup®, a glyphosate-based herbicide. The LC10 and LC50 values after 96 h were determined to be 0.65 ml/L Roundup® (230 mg/L glyphosate) and 0.96 ml/L Roundup® (340 mg/L glyphosate), respectively. As a sublethal measure of toxicity we conducted eight experiments with the feeding activity and the respiratory electron transport system (ETS) activity as endpoints. All experiments lasted seven days. Although the LC10 concentration of Roundup® was used for the feeding activity tests, 49% of the gammarids died before the end of the experiments, which is inconsistent with the calculated LC10-values. The feeding activity was significantly higher in Roundup®-enriched water (mean = 0.18 mg/mg x d) in comparison to pure spring water (mean = 0.079 mg/mg x d). No significant difference was observed between the ETS activity, which was determined after 24, 48 or 96 h after the start of the experiment, of the gammarids in Roundup® solution and in the control. The LC-values determined here are rather high, and exceed background glyphosate concentrations in most anthropogenically influenced surface waters. The increased feeding activity when exposed to Roundup® in combination with an unchanged ETS activity suggests effects on the metabolic efficiency of G. fossarum. We argue that Roundup® enhances the anabolic activity (feeding activity) in order to maintain the catabolic activity (ETS activity).
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Geowissenschaften > Geoökologie (Heiri)
UniBasel Contributors:von Fumetti, Stefanie
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:11 Sep 2020 11:38
Deposited On:11 Sep 2020 11:38

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