The stable isotope composition of organic and inorganic fossils in lake sediment records: Current understanding, challenges, and future directions

van Hardenbroek, M. and Chakraborty, A. and Davies, K. L. and Harding, P. and Heiri, O. and Henderson, A. C. G. and Holmes, J. A. and Lasher, G. E. and Leng, M. J. and Panizzo, V. N. and Roberts, L. and Schilder, J. and Trueman, C. N. and Wooller, M. J.. (2018) The stable isotope composition of organic and inorganic fossils in lake sediment records: Current understanding, challenges, and future directions. QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS, 196. pp. 154-176.

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This paper provides an overview of stable isotope analysis (H, C, N, O, Si) of the macro- and microscopic remains from aquatic organisms found in lake sediment records and their application in (palaeo)environmental science. Aquatic organisms, including diatoms, macrophytes, invertebrates, and fish, can produce sufficiently robust remains that preserve well as fossils and can be identified in lake sediment records. Stable isotope analyses of these remains can then provide valuable insights into habitat-specific biogeochemistry, feeding ecology, but also on climatic and hydrological changes in and around lakes. Since these analyses focus on the remains of known and identified organisms, they can provide more specific and detailed information on past ecosystem, food web and environmental changes affecting different compartments of lake ecosystems than analyses on bulk sedimentary organic matter or carbonate samples. We review applications of these types of analyses in palaeoclimatology, palaeohydrology, and palaeoecology. Interpretation of the environmental 'signal' provided by taxon-specific stable isotope analysis requires a thorough understanding of the ecology and phenology of the organism groups involved. Growth, metabolism, diet, feeding strategy, migration, taphonomy and several other processes can lead to isotope fractionation or otherwise influence the stable isotope signatures of the remains from aquatic organisms. This paper includes a review of the (modern) calibration, culturing and modelling studies used to quantify the extent to which these factors influence stable isotope values and provides an outlook for future research and methodological developments for the different examined fossil groups. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Geowissenschaften > Geoökologie (Heiri)
UniBasel Contributors:Heiri, Oliver
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:26 Apr 2020 19:10
Deposited On:26 Apr 2020 19:10

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