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Impact on the Onset of Psychosis of a Polygenic Schizophrenia-Related Risk Score and Changes in White Matter Volume

Harrisberger, Fabienne and Smieskova, Renata and Egli, Tobias and Simon, Andor E. and Riecher-Rössler, Anita and Fusar-Poli, Paolo and Papassotiropoulos, Andreas and Borgwardt, Stefan. (2018) Impact on the Onset of Psychosis of a Polygenic Schizophrenia-Related Risk Score and Changes in White Matter Volume. Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology, 48 (3). pp. 1201-1214.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/66833/

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Abstract

Reductions in the volume of brain white matter are a common feature in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder while the association between white matter and polygenic schizophrenia-related risk is unclear. To look at the intermediate state between health and the full-blown disorder, we investigated this aspect in groups of patients before and after the onset of psychosis.; On a 3 Tesla scanner, total and regional white matter volumes were investigated by structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the following groups: 37 at-risk mental state patients (ARMS), including 30 with no transition to psychosis (ARMS-NT) and 7 with a transition to psychosis (ARMS-T) pooled with 25 first episode psychosis (FEP) patients. These T1-weighted images were automatically processed with the FreeSurfer software and compared with an odds-ratio-weighted polygenic schizophrenia-related risk score (PSRS) based on the publicly available top white matter single-nucleotide polymorphisms.; We found no association, only a trend, between PSRS and white matter volume over all groups (β = 0.24, p = 0.07, 95% confidence interval = [-0.02 - 0.49]). However, a higher PSRS was significantly associated with a higher probability of being assigned to the ARMS-T + FEP group rather than to the ARMS-NT group (β = 0.70, p = 0.02, 95% confidence interval = [0.14 - 1.33]); there was no such association with white matter volume. Additionally, a positive association was found between PSRS and the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) total score for the pooled ARMS-NT/ARMS-T+FEP sample and for the ARMS-T + FEP group also, but none for the ARMS-NT group only.; These findings suggest that at-risk mental state patients with a transition and first-episode psychosis patients have a higher genetic risk for schizophrenia than at-risk mental state patients with no transition to psychosis; this risk was associated with psychopathological symptoms. Further analyses may allow polygenic schizophrenia-related risk scores to be used as biomarkers to predict psychosis.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie (Riecher-Rössler)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie (Riecher-Rössler)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Molekulare Neurowissenschaften (Papassotiropoulos)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Molekulare Neurowissenschaften (Papassotiropoulos)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Services Biozentrum > Life Sciences Training Facility (Papassotiropoulos)
07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Molecular Psychology (Papassotiropoulos)
UniBasel Contributors:Papassotiropoulos, Andreas and Riecher-Rössler, Anita
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:1015-8987
e-ISSN:1421-9778
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:21 Aug 2019 15:42
Deposited On:19 Nov 2018 13:22

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