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Leisure-time vigorous physical activity is associated with better lung function : the prospective ECRHS study

Fuertes, Elaine and Carsin, Anne-Elie and Antó, Josep M. and Bono, Roberto and Corsico, Angelo Guido and Demoly, Pascal and Gislason, Thorarinn and Gullón, José-Antonio and Janson, Christer and Jarvis, Deborah and Heinrich, Joachim and Holm, Mathias and Leynaert, Bénédicte and Marcon, Alessandro and Martinez-Moratalla, Jesús and Nowak, Dennis and Pascual Erquicia, Silvia and Probst-Hensch, Nicole M. and Raherison, Chantal and Raza, Wasif and Gómez Real, Francisco and Russell, Melissa and Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis and Weyler, Joost and Garcia Aymerich, Judith. (2018) Leisure-time vigorous physical activity is associated with better lung function : the prospective ECRHS study. Thorax, 73 (4). pp. 376-384.

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Abstract

We assessed associations between physical activity and lung function, and its decline, in the prospective population-based European Community Respiratory Health Survey cohort.; FEV; 1; and FVC were measured in 3912 participants at 27-57 years and 39-67 years (mean time between examinations=11.1 years). Physical activity frequency and duration were assessed using questionnaires and used to identify active individuals (physical activity ≥2 times and ≥1 hour per week) at each examination. Adjusted mixed linear regression models assessed associations of regular physical activity with FEV; 1; and FVC.; Physical activity frequency and duration increased over the study period. In adjusted models, active individuals at the first examination had higher FEV; 1; (43.6 mL (95% CI 12.0 to 75.1)) and FVC (53.9 mL (95% CI 17.8 to 89.9)) at both examinations than their non-active counterparts. These associations appeared restricted to current smokers. In the whole population, FEV; 1; and FVC were higher among those who changed from inactive to active during the follow-up (38.0 mL (95% CI 15.8 to 60.3) and 54.2 mL (95% CI 25.1 to 83.3), respectively) and who were consistently active, compared with those consistently non-active. No associations were found for lung function decline.; Leisure-time vigorous physical activity was associated with higher FEV; 1; and FVC over a 10-year period among current smokers, but not with FEV; 1; and FVC decline.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Chronic Disease Epidemiology > Genetic Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Diseases (Probst-Hensch)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Public Health > Sozial- und Präventivmedizin > Genetic Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Diseases (Probst-Hensch)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
UniBasel Contributors:Probst Hensch, Nicole
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:British Medical Association
ISSN:0040-6376
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:29 Apr 2019 12:59
Deposited On:03 Jul 2018 10:57

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