Immunomodulatory Function of Interleukin 28B during primary infection with cytomegalovirus

Egli, Adrian and Levin, Aviad and Santer, Deanna M. and Joyce, Michel and O'Shea, Daire and Thomas, Brad S. and Lisboa, Luiz F. and Barakat, Khaled and Bhat, Rakesh and Fischer, Karl P. and Houghton, Michael and Tyrrell, D. Lorne and Kumar, Deepali and Humar, Atul. (2014) Immunomodulatory Function of Interleukin 28B during primary infection with cytomegalovirus. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 210 (5). pp. 717-727.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/61716/

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Feedback mechanisms between interferons alpha and lambda (IFNs) may be affected by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in interleukin 28B (IL-28B; IFN-lambda3) promoter region and may influence cytomegalovirus (CMV) replication. We associated IL-28B SNPs with the risk of CMV replication after transplantation. Next, we examined the effect of IL-28B genotypes on IL-28B, and IFN-stimulated gene (ISG) expression, and CMV replication in human foreskin fibroblast (HFF) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Transplant recipients with an IL-28B SNP (rs8099917) had significantly less CMV replication (P = .036). Both HFF-cells and PBMCs with a SNP showed lower IL-28B expression during infection with CMV, but higher "antiviral" ISG expression (eg, OAS1). Fibroblasts with a SNP had a 3-log reduction of CMV replication at day 4 (P = .004). IL-28B pretreatment induced ISG expression in noninfected fibroblasts, but a relative decrease of ISG expression could be observed in CMV-infected fibroblasts. The inhibitory effects of IL-28B could be abolished by siRNA or antagonistic peptides against the IL-28 receptor. In fibroblasts, inhibition of IL-28 signaling resulted in an increase of ISG expression and 3-log reduction of CMV-replication (P = .01). We postulate that IL-28B may act as a key regulator of ISG expression during primary CMV infection. IL-28B SNPs may be associated with higher antiviral ISG expression, which results in better replication control.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel > Applied Microbiology Research (Egli)
UniBasel Contributors:Egli, Adrian
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Oxford University Press
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Jul 2020 12:37
Deposited On:22 Jul 2020 12:24

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