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Mental rotation, memory scanning, and the central bottleneck

Heil, Martin and Wahl, Karina and Herbst, Michael. (1999) Mental rotation, memory scanning, and the central bottleneck. Psychological Research, 62 (1). pp. 48-61.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/61115/

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Abstract

Two reaction-time experiments using the psychological refractory period paradigm examined whether two prominent tasks, i.e., mental rotation and memory scanning, require access to a single-channel mechanism and must therefore be performed sequentially with other operations requiring the same mechanism. On each trial, subjects made speeded responses to a tone (Exp. 1) or a character (Exp. 2, with symbolic SR-compatibility of the character manipulated) as Task 1 and to a letter (for blocks with mental rotation) or a digit (for blocks with memory scanning) as Task 2. The set-size effect was constant across SOAs, suggesting that memory scanning cannot be performed in parallel with response selection of Task 1. The effect of orientation, however, decreased with decreasing SOA. The decrease was even intensified if Task 1 bottleneck processes were prolonged by symbolic SR-compatibility. The exact pattern of underadditivity, however, was not predicted by current theories of dual-task performance. The results contradict a central bottleneck model but are in line with extensions of the model proposed by Meyer and Kieras.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Klinische Psychologie und Epidemiologie (Lieb)
UniBasel Contributors:Wahl, Karina
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0340-0727
e-ISSN:1430-2772
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:09 Dec 2020 16:17
Deposited On:09 Dec 2020 16:17

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