Observing the metal-poor solar neighbourhood: a comparison of galactic chemical evolution predictions

Mishenina, T. and Pignatari, M. and Cote, B. and Thielemann, F. -K. and Soubiran, C. and Basak, N. and Gorbaneva, T. and Korotin, S. A. and Kovtyukh, V. V. and Wehmeyer, B. and Bisterzo, S. and Travaglio, C. and Gibson, B. K. and Jordan, C. and Paul, A. and Ritter, C. and Herwig, F.. (2017) Observing the metal-poor solar neighbourhood: a comparison of galactic chemical evolution predictions. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 469 (4). pp. 4378-4399.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/59237/

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Atmospheric parameters and chemical compositions for 10 stars with metallicities in the region of -2.2 < [Fe/H] < -0.6 were precisely determined using high-resolution, high signal-tonoise, spectra. For each star, the abundances, for 14-27 elements, were derived using both local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) and non-LTE (NLTE) approaches. In particular, differences by assuming LTE or NLTE are about 0.10 dex; depending on [Fe/H], Teff, gravity and element lines used in the analysis. We find that the O abundance has the largest error, ranging from 0.10 and 0.2 dex. The best measured elements are Cr, Fe, and Mn; with errors between 0.03 and 0.11 dex. The stars in our sample were included in previous different observational work. We provide a consistent data analysis. The data dispersion introduced in the literature by different techniques and assumptions used by the different authors is within the observational errors, excepting for HD103095. We compare these results with stellar observations from different data sets and a number of theoretical galactic chemical evolution (GCE) simulations. We find a large scatter in the GCE results, used to study the origin of the elements. Within this scatter as found in previous GCE simulations, we cannot reproduce the evolution of the elemental ratios [Sc/Fe], [Ti/Fe], and [V/Fe] at different metallicities. The stellar yields from core-collapse supernovae are likely primarily responsible for this discrepancy. Possible solutions and open problems are discussed.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Former Organization Units Physics > Theoretische Physik Astrophysik (Thielemann)
UniBasel Contributors:Thielemann, Friedrich-Karl and Wehmeyer, Benjamin
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Oxford University Press and Royal Astronomical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:24 Jan 2018 11:30
Deposited On:24 Jan 2018 11:30

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