Impact of severe rain storms on soil erosion: Experimental evaluation of wind-driven rain and its implications for natural hazard management

Marzen, Miriam and Iserloh, Thomas and De Lima, Joao L. M. P. and Fister, Wolfgang and Ries, Johannes B.. (2017) Impact of severe rain storms on soil erosion: Experimental evaluation of wind-driven rain and its implications for natural hazard management. Science of the Total Environment, 590-591. pp. 502-513.

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Official URL: https://edoc.unibas.ch/59195/

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Prediction and risk assessment of hydrological extremes are great challenges. Following climate predictions, frequent and violent rainstorms will become a new hazard to several regions in the medium term. Particularly agricultural soilswill be severely threatened due to the combined action of heavy rainfall and accompanyingwinds on bare soil surfaces. Based on the general underestimation of the effect of wind on water erosion, conventional soil erosionmeasurements and modeling approaches lack related information to adequately calculate its impact. The presented experimental-empirical approach shows the strong impact of wind on the erosive potential of rain. The tested soils had properties that characterize three environments 1. Silty loam of semi-arid Mediterranean dryfarming and fallow, 2. clayey loam of humid agricultural sites and 3. cohesionless sandy substrates as found at coasts, dune fields and drift-sand areas. Total erosion was found to increase by a factor of 1.3 to 7.1, depending on site characteristics. A complementary laboratory procedurewas applied to quantify explicitly the effect of wind on raindrop erosion as well as the influence of substrate, surface structure and slope on particle displacement. These tests confirmed the impact of wind-driven rain on total erosion rates to be of great importance when compared to all other tested factors. To successfully adapt soil erosion models to near-future challenges of climate change induced rain storms, wind-driven rain should be included into the hazard management agenda.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Geowissenschaften > Physiogeographie und Umweltwandel (Kuhn)
UniBasel Contributors:Fister, Wolfgang
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:24 Jul 2020 13:14
Deposited On:24 Jul 2020 13:14

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