Immunoliposome Targeting to Mesangial Cells: A Promising Strategy for Specific Drug Delivery to the Kidney

Tuffin, Gérald and Waelti, Ernst and Huwyler, Jörg and Hammer, Caroline and Marti, Hans-Peter. (2005) Immunoliposome Targeting to Mesangial Cells: A Promising Strategy for Specific Drug Delivery to the Kidney. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 16 (11). pp. 3295-3305.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/54630/

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Mesangial cell-mediated nephropathies are a frequent cause of ESRD. Specific drug delivery to mesangial cells might be more effective and better tolerated than existing systemic treatments. Rat mesangial cells are characterized by Thy1.1 antigen expression. Therefore, OX7-coupled immunoliposomes (OX7-IL) were prepared by coupling liposomes with F(ab') fragments of OX7 mAb directed against Thy1.1 antigen. As the glomerular endothelium is fenestrated and no basement membrane separates glomerular capillaries from the mesangium, mesangial cells represent a particularly suitable target for drug delivery by OX7-IL. Therefore, the targeting efficacy of OX7-IL to mesangial cells was investigated. Specific targeting in vitro was obtained, and intravenous injection of OX-7-IL to rats showed a specific targeting of all mesangial cells in both kidneys. OX7-IL showed marked accumulation in the cytoplasm of rat mesangial cells, both in vitro and in vivo. This renal targeting was blocked when free OX7 F((ab')2) fragments were co-administered with OX7-IL. Rats that were given a single intravenous injection of low-dose doxorubicin encapsulated in OX7-IL showed extensive glomerular damage, whereas other parts of the kidney and other organs were spared. Free doxorubicin and the liposomal formulation of this agent had no effect. Thus, immunoliposomes are a very promising delivery system for the treatment of kidney diseases.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Pharmaceutical Technology (Huwyler)
UniBasel Contributors:Huwyler, Jörg
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Williams and Wilkins
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:23 Nov 2017 08:14
Deposited On:23 Nov 2017 08:14

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