Analysis of Cd14 as a genetic modifier of experimental inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in mice

de Buhr, M. F. and Hedrich, H. J. and Westendorf, A. M. and Obermeier, F. and Hofmann, C. and Zschemisch, N. H. and Buer, J. and Bumann, D. and Goyert, S. M. and Bleich, A.. (2009) Analysis of Cd14 as a genetic modifier of experimental inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in mice. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, 15 (12). pp. 1824-1836.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5259797

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BACKGROUND AND AIM:: By combining QTL and gene expression analyses, we have previously identified Cd14 as a potential candidate gene contributing to the differential IBD susceptibility of C3H/HeJBir (C3/J)-Il10(-/-) mice [carrying IBD-resistance alleles at this QTL (Cdcs6)] and C57BL/6J (B6)-Il10(-/-) mice, corroborating studies that showed an association of a CD14-promoter polymorphism with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. The aim of the present study was to analyze the molecular mechanisms leading to differential intestinal expression of Cd14 and its contribution to IBD development. METHODS:: Intestinal CD14 expression was assessed by FACS, immunohistochemistry, and ELISA on supernatants of primary epithelial cell and tissue cultures. RAW264.7 cells were stimulated with LPS and PGN in the presence or absence of CD14. Cd14 alleles were sequenced and promoters cloned for luciferase assays in transfected RAW264.7 cells. The severity of typhlocolitis between Cd14(-/-) and wild-type mice was compared in 2 distinct mouse models of IBD (acute DSS and Il10(-/-)). RESULTS:: In the gut, CD14 was detected mainly in its soluble form (sCD14), with higher expression in C3/J-Il10(-/-) mice. Polymorphisms in C3/J mice caused higher activity of the Cd14 promoter (luciferase assays). Intestinal sCD14 concentrations influenced the LPS and PGN responses of RAW264.7 cells. In vivo, genetic deletion of Cd14 aggravated colitis in both mouse models of IBD. CONCLUSIONS:: Our study shows that Cd14-promoter polymorphisms affect CD14 expression and confirms the protective effect of CD14 against experimental IBD, potentially mediated by TLR2- and TLR4-dependent effects on intestinal barrier function. These findings support the concept that human CD14-promoter polymorphisms contribute to disease development. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2009.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Infection Biology > Molecular Microbiology (Bumann)
UniBasel Contributors:Bumann, Dirk
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:27 Nov 2017 09:11
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:30

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