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Belonging to a Majority Reduces the Immediate Need Threat from Ostracism in Individuals with a High Need to Belong

Eck, J. and Schoel, C. and Greifeneder, R.. (2017) Belonging to a Majority Reduces the Immediate Need Threat from Ostracism in Individuals with a High Need to Belong. European Journal of Social Psychology, 47 (3). pp. 273-288.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/52784/

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Abstract

Ostracism—being ignored and excluded—threatens the basic human needs for belonging, self-esteem, control, and meaningful existence. This work introduces belonging to a majority as a buffer against the immediate negative impact of ostracism on basic needs for individuals with a high need to belong, for whom social groups are especially relevant. Three studies show that for individuals high in the need to belong, need threat was attenuated by membership in a majority group, but not by membership in a minority group (Studies 1 and 3) or a group of unknown size (Study 2). By contrast, individuals low in the need to belong—who place less importance on group membership in general—did not benefit from belonging to a majority group. The general pattern replicated across different manipulations of group membership and social exclusion, with two measures of need threat, and with participants from two different countries.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Sozial-, Wirtschafts- und Entscheidungspsychologie > Sozialpsychologie (Greifeneder)
UniBasel Contributors:Greifeneder, Rainer
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0046-2772
e-ISSN:1099-0992
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:02 Aug 2018 09:14
Deposited On:28 Sep 2017 09:55

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