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Protein Dimerization Generates Bistability in Positive Feedback Loops

Hsu, Chieh and Jaquet, Vincent and Gencoglu, Mumun and Becskei, Attila. (2016) Protein Dimerization Generates Bistability in Positive Feedback Loops. Cell Reports , 16 (5). pp. 1204-1210.

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Abstract

Bistability plays an important role in cellular memory and cell-fate determination. A positive feedback loop can generate bistability if it contains ultrasensitive molecular reactions. It is often difficult to detect bistability based on such molecular mechanisms due to its intricate interaction with cellular growth. We constructed transcriptional feedback loops in yeast. To eliminate growth alterations, we reduced the protein levels of the transcription factors by tuning the translation rates over two orders of magnitude with designed RNA stem loops. We modulated two ultrasensitive reactions, homodimerization and the cooperative binding of the transcription factor to the promoter. Either of them is sufficient to generate bistability on its own, and when acting together, a particularly robust bistability emerges. This bistability persists even in the presence of a negative feedback loop. Given that protein homodimerization is ubiquitous, it is likely to play a major role in the behavior of regulatory networks.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Computational & Systems Biology > Synthetic Microbiology (Becskei)
UniBasel Contributors:Becskei, Attila and Jaquet, Vincent and Hsu, Chieh and Gencoglu, Mümün
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2211-1247
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:10 Nov 2016 09:30
Deposited On:10 Nov 2016 09:27

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