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Evaluation of the in vitro trypanocidal activity of methylated flavonoid constituents of Vitex simplicifolia leaves

Nwodo, Ngozi and Okoye, Festus and Lai, Daowan and Debbab, Abdesammed and Kaiser, Marcel and Brun, Reto and Proksch, Peter. (2015) Evaluation of the in vitro trypanocidal activity of methylated flavonoid constituents of Vitex simplicifolia leaves. BMC complementary and alternative medicine, Vol. 15 , 82.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6381862

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Abstract

Trypanosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease with complex clinical manifestations, tedious diagnosis, and difficult treatments. The drugs available for the treatment of this endemic disease are old, expensive, and associated with other problems including safety and drug resistant parasites. Therefore, there is an urgent need for the development of new, effective, cheap, and safe drugs for its treatment. Plants are potentially rich sources of leads for new drugs against trypanosomiasis. Vitex simplicifolia (Verbenaceae) is used traditionally for the treatment of tooth ache, edema, skin diseases, gout and trypanosomiasis in Nigeria. In a preliminary study, the methanol extract of Vitex simplicifolia was shown to exhibit a pronounced trypanocidal activity against T. b. rhodesiense. The present study was undertaken to investigate the active component responsible for the acclaimed activity of the leaves of Vitex simplicifolia in the traditional treatment of trypanosomiasis in Nigeria and other African countries. Our investigations aim at assessing the plant as a new source of potential trypanocidal compounds.; The crude extracts were prepared from the dried leaves using methanol, successive extraction with hexane, dichloromethane, ethylacetate and butanol was also done. The ethylacetate fraction was further fractionated and compounds isolated using preparative chromatographic technique and their structures were elucidated by NMR, mass spectrometry and comparison with literature data. Trypanocidal activities and cytotoxicity, using rat skeletal myoblast (L6) cells were investigated and their selectivity indices were determined.; The chromatographic separations of the methanol extracts gave rise to seven compounds. The isolated compounds 2, 3, 6 and 7 exhibited promising trypanocidal activity with IC50 values ranging from 4.7-12.3 μg/ml and cytotoxicity in the range of 1.58- 46.20 μg/ml. Compound 6, however, showed the most selective trypanocidal activity with a selectivity index of 9.8. This is the first report of trypanocidal activity of flavonoids from this plant genus.; The isolated compounds from Vitex simplicifolia exhibited noteworthy trypanocidal activities and hence may provide a source of new antitrypanosomal agents. These results also support the traditional use of Vitex simplicifolia in the treatment of trypanosomiasis. This is the first report of trypanocidal effect of flavonoids from this plant genus.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology > Parasite Chemotherapy (Mäser)
UniBasel Contributors:Kaiser, Marcel and Brun, Reto
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1472-6882
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:31 Dec 2015 10:57
Deposited On:05 Jun 2015 08:53

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