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When fluency signals truth : Prior successful reliance on fluency moderates the impact of fluency on truth judgments

Scholl, Sabine G. and Greifeneder, Rainer and Bless, Herbert. (2014) When fluency signals truth : Prior successful reliance on fluency moderates the impact of fluency on truth judgments. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 27 (3). pp. 268-280.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6165231

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Abstract

Repeated statements are more frequently judged to be true. One position relates this so‐called “truth effect” to metacognitive experiences of fluency, suggesting that repeated statements are more frequently judged to be true because they are processed more fluently. Although most prior research focused on why repetition influences truth judgments, considerably less is known about when fluency is used as information. The present research addresses this question and investigates whether reliance on fluency is moderated by learning experiences. Specifically, we focus on changes in the reliance on fluency over the course of time. A series of experiments reveals that fluency is more likely to be used in truth judgments when previous reliance on fluency has resulted in valid judgments, compared with when previous reliance on fluency was misleading. These findings suggest that reliance on fluency in judgments is a finely tuned process that takes prior experiences with fluency‐based judgments into account.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Sozial-, Wirtschafts- und Entscheidungspsychologie > Sozialpsychologie (Greifeneder)
UniBasel Contributors:Greifeneder, Rainer
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0894-3257
e-ISSN:1099-0771
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:21 Sep 2018 14:40
Deposited On:10 Oct 2014 09:18

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