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Elevated levels of circulating IL-7 and IL-15 in patients with early stage prostate cancer

Mengus, C. and Le Magnen, C. and Trella, E. and Yousef, K. and Bubendorf, L. and Provenzano, M. and Bachmann, A. and Heberer, M. and Spagnoli, G. C. and Wyler, S.. (2011) Elevated levels of circulating IL-7 and IL-15 in patients with early stage prostate cancer. Journal of translational medicine, Vol. 9 , 162. p. 162.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6006465

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation has been suggested to favour prostate cancer (PCA) development. Interleukins (IL) represent essential inflammation mediators. IL-2, IL-7, IL-15 and IL-21, sharing a common receptor gamma chain (c-gamma), control T lymphocyte homeostasis and proliferation and play major roles in regulating cancer-immune system interactions. We evaluated local IL-2, IL-7, IL-15 and IL-21 gene expression in prostate tissues from patients with early stage PCA or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). As control, we used IL-6 gene, encoding an IL involved in PCA progression. IL-6, IL-7 and IL-15 titres were also measured in patients' sera. METHODS: Eighty patients with BPH and 79 with early (1 to 2c) stage PCA were enrolled. Gene expression in prostate tissues was analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Serum IL concentrations and acute phase protein titres were evaluated by ELISA. Mann-Whitney, Wilcoxon and chi(2) tests were used to compare IL gene expression and serum titers in the two groups of patients. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were constructed to evaluate the possibility to distinguish sera from different groups of patients based on IL titers. RESULTS: IL-2 and IL-21 gene expression was comparably detectable, with low frequency and at low extents, in PCA and BPH tissues. In contrast, IL-6, IL-7 and IL-15 genes were expressed more frequently (p > 0.0001, p = 0.0047 and p = 0.0085, respectively) and to significantly higher extents (p = 0.0051, p = 0.0310 and p = 0.0205, respectively) in early stage PCA than in BPH tissues. Corresponding proteins could be detected to significantly higher amounts in sera from patients with localized PCA, than in those from patients with BPH (p = 0.0153, p = 0.0174 and p = 0.0064, respectively). Analysis of ROC curves indicates that IL-7 (p = 0.0039), but not IL-6 (p = 0.2938) or IL-15 (p = 0.1804) titres were able to distinguish sera from patients with malignancy from those from patients with benign disease. Serum titres of C reactive (CRP), high mobility group B1 (HMGB1) and serum amyloid A (SAA) acute phase proteins were similar in both groups of patients. CONCLUSIONS: Expression IL-7 and IL-15 genes in prostate tissues and corresponding serum titres are significantly increased in patients with early stage PCA as compared with patients with BPH.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel > Oncology Surgery (Spagnoli)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Operative Fächer (Klinik) > Innere Organe > Urologie USB (Bachmann)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Operative Fächer (Klinik) > Innere Organe > Urologie USB (Bachmann)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Operative Fächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Operative Fächer (Klinik) > Chirurgische Forschung (Heberer)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Operative Fächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Operative Fächer (Klinik) > Chirurgische Forschung (Heberer)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Pathologie USB > Stammzellpathologie (Bubendorf)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Pathologie USB > Stammzellpathologie (Bubendorf)
UniBasel Contributors:Bubendorf, Lukas and Wyler, Stephen and Heberer, Michael and Spagnoli, Giulio C.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1479-5876
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 May 2015 08:44
Deposited On:27 Mar 2014 13:13

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