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Mechanistic crystallography. Mechanism of inactivation of gamma-aminobutyric acid aminotransferase by (1R,3S,4S)-3-amino-4-fluorocyclopentane-1-carboxylic acid as elucidated by crystallography

Storici, Paola and Qiu, Jian and Schirmer, Tilman and Silverman, Richard B.. (2004) Mechanistic crystallography. Mechanism of inactivation of gamma-aminobutyric acid aminotransferase by (1R,3S,4S)-3-amino-4-fluorocyclopentane-1-carboxylic acid as elucidated by crystallography. Biochemistry, Vol. 43, H. 44. pp. 14057-14063.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5258250

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Abstract

(1R,3S,4S)-3-Amino-4-fluorocyclopentane-1-carboxylic acid (7) was previously shown to be a mechanism-based inactivator of gamma-aminobutyric acid aminotransferase (GABA-AT) [Qiu, J. and Silverman, R. B. (2000) J. Med. Chem. 43, 706-720]. Two mechanisms were considered as reasonable possibilities, a Michael addition mechanism and an enamine mechanism. On the basis of a variety of chemical studies, including tedious radiolabeling experiments, it was concluded that inactivation by 7 proceeds by a Michael addition mechanism. Here, a crystal structure of 7 bound to pig liver GABA-AT is reported, which clearly demonstrates that the adduct formed is derived from an enamine mechanism. This represents another example of how crystallography is an important tool for elucidation of inactivation mechanisms.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Structural Biology & Biophysics > Structural Biology (Schirmer)
UniBasel Contributors:Schirmer, Tilman
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0006-2960
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:07 Aug 2015 12:05
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:20

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