Anti-trypanosomal activity of Fexinidazole: a new oral nitroimidazole drug candidate for the treatment of sleeping sickness

Kaiser, M. and Bray, M. A. and Cal, M. and Trunz, B. B. and Torreele, E. and Brun, R.. (2011) Anti-trypanosomal activity of Fexinidazole: a new oral nitroimidazole drug candidate for the treatment of sleeping sickness. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy : AAC, Vol. 55, H. 12. pp. 5602-5608.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6002117

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Fexinidazole is a 5-nitroimidazole drug currently in clinical development for the treatment of human sleeping sickness (human African trypanosomiasis (HAT)) caused by infection with species of the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei. The compound and its two principal metabolites the sulfoxide and sulfone have been assessed for their ability to kill a range of T. brucei parasite strains in vitro and to cure both acute and chronic HAT disease models in the mouse. The parent molecule and both metabolites have shown trypanocidal activity in vitro in the 0.7 - 3.3 muM (0.2 to 0.9 mug/ml) range against all parasite strains tested. In vivo fexinidazole is orally effective in curing both acute and chronic disease in the mouse at doses of 100 mg/kg/day for 4 days and 200 mg/kg/day for five days respectively. Pharmacokinetic data indicate that it is likely that the sulfoxide and sulfone metabolites provide most if not all of the in vivo killing activity (33). Fexinidazole and its metabolites require up to 48 hours exposure in order to induce maximal trypanocidal efficacy in vitro. The parent drug and its metabolites show no in vitro cross reactivity in terms of trypanocidal activity with either themselves or other known trypanocidal drugs in use in man. The in vitro and in vivo anti-trypanosomal activity of fexinidazole and its two principal metabolites provides evidence that the compound has the potential to be an effective oral treatment for both the T. b. gambiense and T. b. rhodesiense forms of human sleeping sickness and both stages of the disease
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology (MPI) > Parasite Chemotherapy (Mäser)
UniBasel Contributors:Brun, Reto and Kaiser, Marcel
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 Nov 2012 16:22
Deposited On:08 Nov 2012 16:11

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