Antiprotozoal steroidal saponins from the marine sponge Pandaros acanthifolium

Regalado, E. L. and Tasdemir, D. and Kaiser, M. and Cachet, N. and Amade, P. and Thomas, O. P.. (2010) Antiprotozoal steroidal saponins from the marine sponge Pandaros acanthifolium. Journal of natural products, Vol. 73, H. 8. pp. 1404-1410.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5842818

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The chemical composition of the Caribbean sponge Pandaros acanthifolium was reinvestigated and led to the isolation of 12 new steroidal glycosides, namely, pandarosides E-J (1-6) and their methyl esters (7-12). Their structures were determined on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses, including two-dimensional NMR and HRESIMS data. Like the previously isolated pandarosides A-D (13-16), the new compounds 1-12 share an unusual oxidized D-ring and a cis C/D ring junction. The absolute configurations of the aglycones were assigned by interpretation of CD spectra, whereas the absolute configurations of the monosaccharide units were determined by chiral GC analyses of the acid methanolysates. The majority of the metabolites showed in vitro activity against three or four parasitic protozoa. Particularly active were the compounds 3 (pandaroside G) and its methyl ester (9), which potently inhibited the growth of Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense (IC(50) values 0.78 and 0.038 microM, respectively) and Leishmania donovani (IC(50)'s 1.3 and 0.051 microM, respectively)
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology (MPI) > Parasite Chemotherapy (Mäser)
UniBasel Contributors:Kaiser, Marcel
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Society of Pharmacognosy
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:14 Sep 2012 07:19
Deposited On:14 Sep 2012 06:48

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