Quantum correlations in two-fermion systems

Schliemann, J. and Cirac, J. I. and Kus, M. and Lewenstein, M. and Loss, D.. (2001) Quantum correlations in two-fermion systems. Physical review A, General physics, Vol. 64, H. 2 , 022303, 9 S..

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5254724

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We characterize and classify quantum correlations in two-fermion systems having 2K single-particle states. For pure states we introduce the Slater decomposition and rank (in analogy to Schmidt decomposition and rank): i.e., we decompose the state into a combination of elementary Slater determinants formed by pairs of mutually orthogonal single-particle states. Mixed states can be characterized by their Slater number which is the minimal Slater rank required to generate them. For K = 2 we gi ve a necessary and sufficient condition for a state to have a Slater number 1. We introduce a correlation measure for mixed states which can be evaluated analytically for K = 2. For higher K, we provide a method of constructing and optimizing Slater number witnesses, i.e., operators that detect Slater numbers for some states.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Physik > Theoretische Physik Mesoscopics (Loss)
UniBasel Contributors:Loss, Daniel
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Institute of Physics
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:25
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:49

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