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The carbon charging of pines at the climatic treeline : a global comparison

Hoch, Günter and Körner, Christian. (2003) The carbon charging of pines at the climatic treeline : a global comparison. Oecologia, Vol. 135, H. 1. pp. 10-21.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5249115

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Abstract

The carbon charging of pines across the treeline ecotone of three different climatic zones (Mexico 19degreesN Pinus hartwegii, Swiss Alps 46degreesN P. cembra and northern Sweden 68degreesN P. sylvestris) was analyzed, to test whether a low-temperature-driven carbon shortage can explain high-elevation tree limits, and whether the length of the growing season affects the trees` carbon balance. We quantified the concentrations of non-structural carbohydrates (NSC) and lipids (acylglycerols) in all tree organs at three dates during the growing seasons across elevational transects from the upper end of the closed, tall forest (timberline) to the uppermost location where groups of trees greater than or equal to3 m in height occur (treeline). Mean ground temperatures during the growing season at the treelines were similar (6.1 +/- 0.7degreesC) irrespective of latitude. Across the individual transects, the concentrations of NSC and lipids increased with elevation in all organs. By the end of the growing season, all three species had very similar total mobile carbon (TMC) concentrations at the treeline (ca. 6 suggesting no influence of the length of the growing season on tree carbon charging. At a temperate lowland reference site P. sylvestris reached only ca. 4 difference largely explained by higher lipid concentrations of treeline pines. We conclude that carbon availability is unlikely to be the cause of the altitudinal tree limit. It seems rather that low temperatures directly affect sink activity at the treeline, with surplus carbon stored in osmotically inactive compounds.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Umweltwissenschaften > Pflanzenökologie (Körner)
UniBasel Contributors:Körner, Christian and Hoch, Günter
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0029-8549
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:25
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:43

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