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Action monitoring in boys with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, their nonaffected siblings, and normal control subjects : evidence for an endophenotype

Albrecht, Bjoern and Brandeis, Daniel and Uebel, Henrik and Heinrich, Hartmut and Mueller, Ueli C. and Hasselhorn, Marcus and Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph and Rothenberger, Aribert and Banaschewski, Tobias. (2008) Action monitoring in boys with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, their nonaffected siblings, and normal control subjects : evidence for an endophenotype. Biological psychiatry, Vol. 64, H. 7. pp. 615-625.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5250683

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a very common and highly heritable child psychiatric disorder associated with dysfunctions in fronto-striatal networks that control attention and response organization. The aim of this study was to investigate whether features of action monitoring related to dopaminergic functions represent endophenotypes that are brain functions on the pathway from genes and environmental risk factors to behavior. METHODS: Action monitoring and error processing as indicated by behavioral and electrophysiological parameters during a flanker task were examined in boys with ADHD combined type according to DSM-IV (n = 68), their nonaffected siblings (n = 18), and healthy control subjects with no known family history of ADHD (n = 22). RESULTS: Boys with ADHD displayed slower and more variable reaction-times. Error negativity (Ne) was smaller in boys with ADHD compared with healthy control subjects, whereas nonaffected siblings displayed intermediate amplitudes following a linear model predicted by genetic concordance. The three groups did not differ on error positivity (Pe). The N2 amplitude enhancement due to conflict (incongruent flankers) was reduced in the ADHD group. Nonaffected siblings also displayed intermediate N2 enhancement. CONCLUSIONS: Converging evidence from behavioral and event-related potential findings suggests that action monitoring and initial error processing, both related to dopaminergically modulated functions of anterior cingulate cortex, might be an endophenotype related to ADHD.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Ehemalige Einheiten Psychologie > Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology (Schneider)
UniBasel Contributors:Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0006-3223
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:24
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:42

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