Characterization of an organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP-B) in human placenta

St-Pierre, M. V. and Hagenbuch, B. and Ugele, B. and Meier, P. J. and Stallmach, T.. (2002) Characterization of an organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP-B) in human placenta. Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, Vol. 87, H. 4. pp. 1856-1863.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5261642

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Organic anion-transporting polypeptides (OATPs) are a family of multispecific carriers that mediate the sodium-independent transport of steroid hormone and conjugates, drugs, and numerous anionic endogenous substrates. We investigated whether members of the OATP gene family could mediate fetal-maternal transfer of anionic steroid conjugates in the human placenta. OATP-B (gene symbol SLC21A9) was isolated from a placenta cDNA library. An antiserum to OATP-B detected an 85-kDa protein in basal but not apical syncytiotrophoblast membranes. Immunohistochemistry of first-, second-, and third-trimester placenta showed staining in the cytotrophoblast membranes and at the basal surface of the syncytiotrophoblast. Trophoblasts that reacted with an antibody to Ki-67, a proliferation-associated antigen, expressed lower levels of OATP-B. OATP-B mRNA levels were measured in isolated trophoblasts under culture conditions that promoted syncytia formation. Real-time quantitative PCR estimated an 8-fold increase in OATP-B expression on differentiation to syncytia. The uptake of [(3)H]estrone-3-sulfate, a substrate for OATP-B, was measured in basal syncytiotrophoblast membrane vesicles. Transport was saturable and partially inhibited by pregnenolone sulfate, a progesterone precursor. Pregnenolone sulfate also partially inhibited OATP-B-mediated transport of estrone-3-sulfate in an oocyte expression system. These findings suggest a physiological role for OATP-B in the placental uptake of fetal-derived sulfated steroids.
Faculties and Departments:11 Rektorat und Verwaltung > Vizerektorat Forschung
UniBasel Contributors:Meier-Abt, Peter J.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:31 Dec 2015 10:44
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:41

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