DNA recombination induced by aflatoxin B1 activated by cytochrome P450 1A enzymes

Sengstag, C. and Würgler, F. E.. (1995) DNA recombination induced by aflatoxin B1 activated by cytochrome P450 1A enzymes. Molecular carcinogenesis, Vol. 11. pp. 227-235.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5248774

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Mutations in tumor suppressor genes are intricately associated with the etiology of neoplasia. Often, such mutations are followed by the loss of the second, functional alleles of tumor suppressor genes, a phenomenon known as loss of heterozygosity. Loss of heterozygosity may occur by different molecular mechanisms, including mitotic recombination, and it is conceivable that these molecular events are influenced by endogenous as well as exogenous factors. To test whether mitotic recombination is induced by certain carcinogens, we genetically engineered a Saccharomyces cerevisiae tester strain so that it metabolizes two important classes of carcinogens, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and heterocyclic arylamines. This was accomplished by expressing human cDNA's coding for the cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes CYP1A1 or CYP1A2 in combination with NADPH-CYP oxidoreductase in a strain heterozygous for two mutations in the trp5 gene. Microsomes isolated from the transformed yeast strains activated various xenobiotics to powerful mutagens that were detected in the Ames test. Of these, the mycotoxin aflatoxin B1, when activated intracellularly in the strains containing either human CYP enzyme, significantly induced mitotic recombination. These results are discussed in light of possible mechanisms that are involved in aflatoxin B1-mediated hepatocarcinogenesis. Similarly, benzo[a]pyrene-trans-7,8-dihydrodiol and 3-amino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole were activated to recombinagenic products, whereas benzo[a]pyrene and 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline were negative in this assay. Our results argue that the constructed yeast strains may be a valuable tool for the investigation of drug-induced mitotic recombination.
Faculties and Departments:11 Rektorat und Verwaltung > Vizerektorat Forschung
UniBasel Contributors:Sengstag, Christian
Item Type:Article
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:24
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:41

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