Disturbances of the neuronal calcium homeostasis in the aging nervous system

Hartmann, H. and Eckert, A. and Müller, W. E.. (1994) Disturbances of the neuronal calcium homeostasis in the aging nervous system. Life sciences, Vol. 55, no. 25-26. pp. 2011-2018.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5253521

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Maintenance of the cellular calcium homeostasis plays an important role for neuronal cell function and interneuronal cell to cell communication. Therefore, alterations of the neuronal Ca2+ homeostasis may play a crucial role for brain aging in general and for age-related deficits in cognitive functions particularly. Numerous studies indicate various disturbances of the Ca2+ homeostasis on different levels like Ca2+ channel properties, 45Ca2+ uptake, or Ca2+ binding proteins. Investigations on alterations of the free intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in presynaptic synaptosomal preparations led to inconsistent results reporting increased or unchanged [Ca2+]i in aged animals. Postsynaptic alterations of [Ca2+]i have been investigated mainly indirectly by electrophysiological methods and revealed prolonged Ca(2+)-dependent afterhyperpolarization or prolonged Ca2+ spike duration. By using acutely dissociated mouse brain cells it was possible for the first time to evaluate age-dependent alterations of postsynaptic [Ca2+]i directly. In neurons of aged mice basal [Ca2+]i was reduced and depolarization-induced rise in [Ca2+]i was also reduced, probably as a result of increased activation of Ca(2+)-dependent mechanisms terminating Ca(2+)-influx. Depolarization-induced, Ca(2+)-mediated inositolphosphate accumulation was also increased in aged animals. This leads to the conclusion that Ca(2+)-dependent intracellular processes become more sensitive during aging. Investigations about the effect of beta-amyloid on the Ca2+ homeostasis in the same system revealed a small but consistent destabilizating effect of this peptide on K(+)-induced rise in [Ca2+]i which may result in chronically increased neuronal vulnerability. Together with increased Ca2+ sensitivity during aging this might be one of the reasons for the increasing prevalence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) with aging.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK
UniBasel Contributors:Eckert, Anne
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier Science
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:24
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:40

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