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Relationship between gender role, anger expression, thermal discomfort and sleep onset latency in women

von Arb, Mariella and Gompper, Britta and Meyer, Andrea H. and Stutz, Elisabeth Zemp and Orgül, Selim and Flammer, Josef and Kräuchi, Kurt. (2009) Relationship between gender role, anger expression, thermal discomfort and sleep onset latency in women. Biopsychosocial medicine, Vol. 3 , 11.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5252345

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Abstract

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Women with thermal discomfort from cold extremities (hands and feet; TDCE) often suffer from prolonged sleep onset latency (SOL). Suppressed anger could contribute to the genesis of both TDCE and prolonged SOL. The aim of the study was to test the hypothesis whether stereotypic feminine gender socialization (SFGS) is related to anger suppression (experienced anger inwards, Anger-In), which in turn could affect TDCE and SOL. METHODS: 148 women, a sub-sample of a larger survey carried out in the Canton Basel-Stadt (Switzerland), sent back detailed postal questionnaires about SOL, TDCE, anger expression (STAXI, state -trait -anger -expression -inventory) and SFGS using a gender power inventory, estimating the degree of gender specific power expression explicitly within women by stereotypic feminine or male attribution. Statistics was performed by path analysis. RESULTS: A significant direct path was found from stereotypic feminine attribution to Anger-In and prolonged SOL. Additionally, a further indirect path from Anger-In via TDCE to SOL was found. In contrast, stereotypic male attribution was not related to Anger-In but was significantly associated with outwardly expressed anger. LIMITATIONS: Self-reported data, retrospective cross-sectional survey, prospective studies are required including physiological measurements. CONCLUSION: Stereotypic feminine gender socialization may play an important determinant for anger suppression, which subsequently can lead to thermal discomfort from cold extremities and prolonged sleep onset latency.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Society, Gender and Health > Gender and Health (Zemp Stutz)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Spezialfächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Spezialfächer (Klinik) > Ophthalmologie (Flammer)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Spezialfächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Spezialfächer (Klinik) > Ophthalmologie (Flammer)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Spezialfächer (Klinik) > Ophthalmologie USB > Ophthalmologie (Orgül)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Spezialfächer (Klinik) > Ophthalmologie USB > Ophthalmologie (Orgül)
07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Ehemalige Einheiten Psychologie > Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie (Margraf)
UniBasel Contributors:Meyer, Andrea Hans and Zemp Stutz, Elisabeth and Flammer, Josef and Orgül, Selim
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1751-0759
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Identification Number:
Last Modified:31 Dec 2015 10:44
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:39

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