edoc

Towards hybrid trapping of cold molecules and cold molecular ions

Haas, Dominik. Towards hybrid trapping of cold molecules and cold molecular ions. 2019, Doctoral Thesis, University of Basel, Faculty of Science.

[img]
Preview
PDF
42Mb

Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/diss/DissB_13442

Downloads: Statistics Overview

Abstract

A pinhole discharge unit as well as a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) head were developed for the Nijmegen pulsed valve (NPV) and the molecular beam properties accessible from each source were characterised and compared. The discharge conditions were optimised for maximum hydroxyl radical density. It was found that the DBD source yields colder OH radicals, whereas the pinhole discharge source provides a threefold larger radical density compared to the DBD discharge head.
Translationally cold packages of hydroxyl radicals (Ttrans > 1mK) were produced by means of Stark deceleration and a 124-stage Stark decelerator was set up in the laboratory. The decelerator was conditioned, characterised and optimised for operation at low final velocities (v < 40 m/s). The performance of the decelerator was assessed by determining the density of OH radicals available after the deceleration process.
In a final step, a translationally cold OH package was loaded into a cryogenic magnetic trap. The trap design, the coupling of the magnetic trap to the Stark decelerator and the loading efficiency were numerically optimised employing a direct search algorithm on Monte-Carlo trajectory simulations. The cryogenic environment efficiently prevents black-body radiation from pumping OH radicals out of trappable states and the background pressure improved significantly. Under cryogenic conditions the 1/e trap lifetime improved by a factor of 30 compared to room temperature. The magnetic trap forms part of a hybrid trapping scheme for neutral molecules and ionic species. This novel type of trap represents a versatile environment for investigating ion-neutral molecule reactions in the cold regime, while offering full control over the contributing quantum states.
Advisors:Willitsch, Stefan and Van de Meerakker, Sebastiaan Y.T.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Chemische Physik (Willitsch)
UniBasel Contributors:Haas, Dominik and Willitsch, Stefan
Item Type:Thesis
Thesis Subtype:Doctoral Thesis
Thesis no:13442
Thesis status:Complete
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Number of Pages:ix, 216 Seiten
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:10 Dec 2019 05:30
Deposited On:09 Dec 2019 15:49

Repository Staff Only: item control page