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Kinetics of oxygen uptake at the onset of exercise in boys and men

Hebestreit, H. and Kriemler, S. and Hughson, R. L. and Bar-Or, O.. (1998) Kinetics of oxygen uptake at the onset of exercise in boys and men. Journal of applied physiology, Vol. 85, no. 5. pp. 1833-1841.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5253338

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to compare the O2 uptake (VO2) kinetics at the onset of heavy exercise in boys and men. Nine boys, aged 9-12 yr, and 8 men, aged 19-27 yr, performed a continuous incremental cycling task to determine peak VO2 (VO2 peak). On 2 other days, subjects performed each day four cycling tasks at 80 rpm, each consisting of 2 min of unloaded cycling followed twice by cycling at 50% VO2 peak for 3.5 min, once by cycling at 100% VO2 peak for 2 min, and once by cycling at 130% VO2 peak for 75 s. O2 deficit was not significantly different between boys and men (respectively, 50% VO2 peak task: 6.6 +/- 11.1 vs. 5.5 +/- 7.3 ml . min-1 . kg-1; 100% VO2 peak task: 28.5 +/- 8.1 vs. 31.8 +/- 6.3 ml . min-1 . kg-1; and 130% VO2 peak task: 30.1 +/- 5.7 vs. 35.8 +/- 5.3 ml . min-1 . kg-1). To assess the kinetics, phase I was excluded from analysis. Phase II VO2 kinetics could be described in all cases by a monoexponential function. ANOVA revealed no differences in time constants between boys and men (respectively, 50% VO2 peak task: 22. 8 +/- 5.1 vs. 26.4 +/- 4.1 s; 100% VO2 peak task: 28.0 +/- 6.0 vs. 28.1 +/- 4.4 s; and 130% VO2 peak task: 19.8 +/- 4.1 vs. 20.7 +/- 5. 7 s). In conclusion, O2 deficit and fast-component VO2 on-transients are similar in boys and men, even at high exercise intensities, which is in contrast to the findings of other studies employing simpler methods of analysis. The previous interpretation that children rely less on nonoxidative energy pathways at the onset of heavy exercise is not supported by our findings.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Sport, Bewegung und Gesundheit > Bereich Sport- und Bewegungsmedizin > Sportmedizin (Schmidt-Trucksäss)
UniBasel Contributors:Kriemler, Susi
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Physiological Society
ISSN:0161-7567
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:23
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:37

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