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Discovery of nonsteroidal 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 inhibitors by pharmacophore-based screening of virtual compound libraries

Schuster, Daniela and Nashev, Lyubomir G. and Kirchmair, Johannes and Laggner, Christian and Wolber, Gerhard and Langer, Thierry and Odermatt, Alex. (2008) Discovery of nonsteroidal 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 inhibitors by pharmacophore-based screening of virtual compound libraries. Journal of medicinal chemistry, Vol. 51, no. 14. pp. 4188-4199.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5248813

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Abstract

17 beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (17 beta-HSD1) plays a pivotal role in the local synthesis of the most potent estrogen estradiol. Its expression is a prognostic marker for the outcome of patients with breast cancer and inhibition of 17 beta-HSD I is currently under consideration for breast cancer prevention and treatment. We aimed to identify nonsteroidal 17 beta-HSD1 inhibitor scaffolds by virtual screening with pharmacophore models built from crystal structures containing steroidal compounds. The most promising model was validated by comparing predicted and experimentally determined inhibitory activities of several flavonoids. Subsequently, a virtual library of nonsteroidal compounds was screened against the 3D pharmacophore. Analysis of 14 selected compounds yielded four that inhibited the activity of human 17 beta-HSD1 (IC50 below 50 mu M). Specificity assessment of identified 17 beta-HSD1 inhibitors emphasized the importance of including related short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase (SDR) members to analyze off-target effects. Compound 29 displayed at least 10-fold selectivity over the related SDR enzymes tested.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Molecular and Systems Toxicology (Odermatt)
UniBasel Contributors:Odermatt, Alex and Nashev, Lyubomir Georgiev
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0022-2623
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:23
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:36

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