Modulation of neurosteroid production in human neuroblastoma cells by Alzheimer's disease key proteins

Schaeffer, Véronique and Patte-Mensah, Christine and Eckert, Anne and Mensah-Nyagan, Ayikoe G.. (2006) Modulation of neurosteroid production in human neuroblastoma cells by Alzheimer's disease key proteins. Journal of neurobiology, Vol. 66, H. 8. pp. 868-881.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5253463

Downloads: Statistics Overview


Studies performed with animals suggest neurosteroid involvement in neuroprotection. However in humans, the role of neurosteroidogenesis in the regulation of degenerative processes is unknown. To determine whether cellular factors intervening in degenerative mechanisms may interfere with the process of neurosteroidogenesis in humans, we combined pulse-chase experiments with HPLC and continuous flow scintillation detection to compare neurosteroid production in normal and transfected SH-SY5Y cells with key proteins involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Microscope analyses revealed that cell morphology was unchanged in stably transfected SH-SY5Y cells overexpressing human native tau (hTau40), mutant tau (P301L), and wild-type amyloid precursor protein (APPwt) compared to controls. Biochemical investigations showed that hTau40 enhanced progesterone (PROG), 17OHPROG, testosterone, and 3alpha-androstanediol neosynthesis from pregnenolone. In contrast, tau with the pathogenic P301L mutation was devoid of action on neurosteroidogenesis. Overexpression of APPwt inhibited PROG formation, did not affect 17OHPROG and testosterone, but increased 3alpha-androstanediol and estradiol synthesis. Extracellular treatment of control cells with aggregated amyloid peptide mimicked the action of APPwt expression on PROG but not on 3alpha-androstanediol and estradiol production. Moreover, PROG biosynthesis in APPwt cells was up-regulated in the presence of a gamma-secretase inhibitor. Our results provide the first evidence for the regulation of neurosteroid biosynthesis by key proteins involved in the etiology of AD. The data suggest that pathogenic factors may induce neurodegeneration in humans through the reduction of the synthesis of endogenous neuroprotective neurosteroids in nerve cells.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK
UniBasel Contributors:Eckert, Anne
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Related URLs:
Identification Number:
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:23
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:36

Repository Staff Only: item control page