Subcellular localization of GABA(B) receptor subunits in rat visual cortex

Gonchar, Y. and Pang, L. and Malitschek, B. and Bettler, B. and Burkhalter, A.. (2001) Subcellular localization of GABA(B) receptor subunits in rat visual cortex. The Journal of comparative neurology, Vol. 431, H. 2. pp. 182-197.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5262264

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Although studies in the visual cortex have found gamma-aminobutyric acid B (GABA(B)) receptor-mediated pre- and postsynaptic inhibitory effects on neurons, the subcellular localization of GABA(B) receptors in different types of cortical neurons and synapses has not been shown directly. To provide this information, we have used antibodies against the GABA(B) receptor (R)1a/b and GABA(B)R2 subunits and have studied the localization of immunoreactivities in rat visual cortex. Light microscopic analyses have shown that both subunits are expressed in cell bodies and dendrites of 65-92% of corticocortically projecting pyramidal neurons and in 92-100% of parvalbumin (PV)-, calretinin (CR)-, and somatostatin (SOM)-containing GABAergic neurons. Electron microscopic analyses of immunoperoxidase- and immunogold-labeled tissue revealed staining in the nucleus, cytoplasm and cell surface membranes with both antibodies. Colocalization of both subunits was observed in all of these structures. GABA(B)R1a/b and GABA(B)R2 were concentrated in excitatory and inhibitory synapses and in extrasynaptic membranes. In GABAergic synapses, GABA(B)R1a/b and GABA(B)R2 were more strongly expressed postsynaptically on pyramidal and nonpyramidal cells than presynaptically. In type 1 synapses GABA(B)R1a/b and GABA(B)R2 was found in pre- and postsynaptic membranes. The nuclear localization of GABA(B)R1 and GABA(B)R2 subunits suggests a novel role for neurotransmitter receptors in controlling gene expression. The synaptic colocalization of GABA(B)R1 and GABA(B)R2 indicates that subunits form heteromeric assemblies of the functional receptor in inhibitory and excitatory synapses. Subunit coexpression in GABAergic synapses that include PV-containing and PV-deficient terminals suggests that pre- and postsynaptic GABA(B) receptor activation is provided by several different types of interneurons. The coexpression of both subunits in excitatory synapses suggests a role for GABA(B)receptors in the regulation of glutamate release and raises the question how these receptors are activated in the absence of pre-or postsynaptic GABAergic synaptic inputs to excitatory synapses
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Division of Physiology > Molecular Neurobiology Synaptic Plasticity (Bettler)
UniBasel Contributors:Bettler, Bernhard
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:23
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:36

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