EphA4 provides repulsive signals to developing cochlear ganglion neurites mediated through ephrin-B2 and -B3

Brors, Dominik and Bodmer, Daniel and Pak, Kwang and Aletsee, Christoph and Schäfers, Maria and Dazert, Stefan and Ryan, Allen F.. (2003) EphA4 provides repulsive signals to developing cochlear ganglion neurites mediated through ephrin-B2 and -B3. The Journal of comparative neurology, Vol. 462, H. 1. pp. 90-100.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5252071

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The ephrins and Eph receptors make up two large families of bi-directional signaling molecules that are known to play a role in the development of the nervous system. Recently, expression of EphA4 in the developing cochlea was shown, with strong expression in cells lining the osseous spiral lamina (OSL) through which afferent dendrites must pass to reach the organ of Corti (OC). It was also demonstrated that ephrin-B2 and -B3, both of which are known to interact with EphA4, are expressed by spiral ganglion (SG) neurons. To investigate the functional role of EphA4 in the development of inner ear neurons, neonatal rat SG explants were cultured for 72 hours on uniformly coated surfaces or near stripes of EphA4/IgG-Fc-chimera. Control explants were cultured on or near IgG-Fc and EphA1/IgG-Fc-chimera. To assess the roles of ephrin-B2 and -B3 in EphA4 signaling, SG explants were cultured with or without anti-ephrin-B2 and/or -B3 blocking antibodies. Growth patterns of SG neurites at the border of EphA4 receptor stripes showed repulsion, characterized by turning, stopping and/or reversal. In the case of IgG-Fc and EphA1, the neurites grew straight onto the stripes. Treatment with either anti-ephrin-B2 or -B3 blocking antibodies significantly reduced the repulsive effect of an EphA4 stripe. Moreover, when both antibodies were used together, neurites crossed onto EphA4 stripes with no evidence of repulsion. The results suggest that EphA4 provides repulsive signals to SG neurites in the developing cochlea, and that ephrin-B2 and -B3 together mediate this response.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Spezialfächer (Klinik) > Otorhinolaryngologie > Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie (Bodmer)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Spezialfächer (Klinik) > Otorhinolaryngologie > Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie (Bodmer)
UniBasel Contributors:Bodmer, Daniel K
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:23
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:36

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