Mitochondrial dysfunction, apoptotic cell death, and Alzheimer's disease

Eckert, Anne and Keil, Uta and Marques, Celio A. and Bonert, Astrid and Frey, Claudia and Schüssel, Katrin and Müller, Walter E.. (2003) Mitochondrial dysfunction, apoptotic cell death, and Alzheimer's disease. Biochemical Pharmacology, Volume 76, Issue 10. pp. 1184-1193.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5253482

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Being major sources of reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial structures are exposed to high concentrations of ROS and might therefore be particularly susceptible to oxidative injury. Mitochondrial damage may play a pivotal role in the cell death decision. Bolstered evidence indicates that mitochondrial abnormalities might be part of the spectrum of chronic oxidative stress occurring in Alzheimer's disease (AD) finally contributing to synaptic failure and neuronal degeneration. Accumulation and oligomerization of amyloid beta (Abeta) is also thought to play a central role in the pathogenesis of this disease by probably directly leading to mitochondrial dysfunction. Moreover, numerous lines of findings indicate increased susceptibility to apoptotic cell death and increased oxidative damage as common features in neurons from sporadic AD patients but also from familial AD (FAD) cases. Here we provide a summary of recent work demonstrating some key abnormalities that may initiate and promote pathological events in AD. Finally, we emphasize a hypothetical sequence of the pathogenic steps linking sporadic AD, FAD, and Abeta production with mitochondrial dysfunction, caspase pathway, and neuronal loss.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK
UniBasel Contributors:Eckert, Anne
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Pergamon Press
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:23
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:36

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