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gamma-aminobutyric acid type B receptor splice variant proteins GBR1a and GBR1b are both associated with GBR2 in situ and display differential regional and subcellular distribution

Benke, D. and Honer, M. and Michel, C. and Bettler, B. and Mohler, H.. (1999) gamma-aminobutyric acid type B receptor splice variant proteins GBR1a and GBR1b are both associated with GBR2 in situ and display differential regional and subcellular distribution. Journal of biological chemistry, Vol. 274, H. 38. pp. 27323-27330.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5262277

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Abstract

The subunit architecture of gamma-aminobutyric acid, type B (GABA(B)), receptors in situ is largely unknown. The GABA(B) receptor variants, characterized by the constituents GBR1a and GBR1b, were therefore analyzed with regard to their subunit composition as well as their regional and subcellular distribution in situ. The analysis was based on the use of antisera recognizing selectively GBR1a, GBR1b, and GBR2. Following their solubilization, GBR1a and GBR1b were both found by immunoprecipitation to occur as heterodimers associated with GBR2. Furthermore, monomers of GBR1a, GBR1b, or GBR2 were not detectable, suggesting that practically all GABA(B) receptors are heterodimers in situ. Finally, there was no evidence for an association of GBR1a with GBR1b indicating that these two constituents represent two different receptor populations. A size determination of solubilized GABA(B) receptors by sucrose density centrifugation revealed two distinct peaks of which one corresponded to dimeric receptors, and the higher molecular weight peak pointed to the presence of yet unknown receptor-associated proteins. The distribution and relative abundance of GBR2 immunoreactivity corresponded in all brain regions to that of the sum of GBR1a and GBR1b, supporting the view that most if not all GBR1 proteins are associated with GBR2. However, GBR1a was present preferentially at postsynaptic densities, whereas GBR1b may be mainly attributed to presynaptic or extrasynaptic sites. Thus, GBR1a and GBR1b are both associated with GBR2 to form heterodimers at mainly different subcellular locations where they are expected to subserve different functions.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Division of Physiology > Molecular Neurobiology Synaptic Plasticity (Bettler)
UniBasel Contributors:Bettler, Bernhard
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Society of Biological Chemists
ISSN:0021-9258
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:23
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:34

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