Platelet and lymphocyte free intracellular calcium in affective disorders

Eckert, A. and Gann, H. and Riemann, D. and Aldenhoff, J. and Müller, W. E.. (1994) Platelet and lymphocyte free intracellular calcium in affective disorders. European archives of psychiatry and clinical neuroscience, Vol. 243, H. 5. pp. 235-239.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5253518

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Many studies have demonstrated pharmacologic similarities between platelet and brain 5-HT2 binding sites. Therefore it may be possible to use platelets as a model for the central serotonergic neuron. Accordingly, a previous report (Kusumi et al. 1991b) about elevated [Ca2+]i after serotonin stimulation in platelets of depressed patients was interpreted as further evidence for enhanced serotonergic sensitivity in depression. However, a very recent study showed an enhanced thrombin-induced platelet Ca2+ response, rather suggesting abnormalities of intracellular Ca2+ regulation in affective disorders. In the present study we have determined 5-HT2- and thrombin-induced Ca2+ responses in platelets and additionally phytohemagglutin (PHA)-induced Ca2+ increase in lymphocytes of medicated depressed patients (8 mono- and 2 bipolar, HRSD < 17) and of ten sex- and age-matched controls. The results showed no significant difference in basal calcium levels between the two groups and no significant difference in the Ca2+ response to thrombin although the response was higher in the patients. The Ca2+ increase after serotonin stimulation in depressed patients was significantly (P > 0.05) higher than in healthy controls. By contrast, the Ca2+ response to PHA in lymphocytes was significantly decreased in the patients. Our data confirm elevated Ca2+ responses after 5-HT2 receptor activation even in mediated depressed patients. However, Ca2+ responses in lymphocytes were decreased. Together with the observations of an enhanced Ca2+ response in platelets after thrombin stimulation, we speculate that the findings rather suggest alterations of [Ca2+]i regulation in depression than specific changes of serotonergic sensitivity.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK
UniBasel Contributors:Eckert, Anne
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:23
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:34

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