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Three-dimensional perfusion culture of human adipose tissue-derived endothelial and osteoblastic progenitors generates osteogenic constructs with intrinsic vascularization capacity

Scherberich, Arnaud and Galli, Raffaele and Jaquiery, Claude and Farhadi, Jian and Martin, Ivan. (2007) Three-dimensional perfusion culture of human adipose tissue-derived endothelial and osteoblastic progenitors generates osteogenic constructs with intrinsic vascularization capacity. Stem Cells, 25 (7). pp. 1823-1829.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5248969

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Abstract

In this study, we aimed at generating osteogenic and vasculogenic constructs starting from the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) of human adipose tissue as a single cell source. SVF cells from human lipoaspirates were seeded and cultured for 5 days in porous hydroxyapatite scaffolds by alternate perfusion through the scaffold pores, eliminating standard monolayer (two-dimensional [2D]) culture. The resulting cell-scaffold constructs were either enzymatically treated to extract and characterize the cells or subcutaneously implanted in nude mice for 8 weeks to assess the capacity to form bone tissue and blood vessels. SVF cells were also expanded in 2D culture for 5 days and statically loaded in the scaffolds. The SVF yielded 5.9 +/- 3.5 X 10(5) cells per milliliter of lipoaspirate containing both mesenchymal progenitors (5.2 units) and endothelial-lineage cells (54 cells). After 5 days, the total cell number was 1.8-fold higher in 2D than in three-dimensional (31)) cultures, but the percentage of mesenchymaland endothelial-lineage cells was similar (i.e., 65 of CD90(+) cells and 7 implantation, constructs from both conditions contained blood vessels stained for human CD31 and CD34, functionally connected to the host vasculature. Importantly, constructs generated under 3D perfusion, and not those based on 2D-expanded cells, reproducibly formed bone tissue. In conclusion, direct perfusion of human adiposederived cells through ceramic scaffolds establishes a 3D culture system for osteoprogenitor and endothelial cells and generates osteogenic-vasculogenic constructs. It remains to be tested whether the presence of endothelial cells accelerates construct vascularization and could thereby enhance implanted cell survival in larger size implants.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel > Tissue Engineering (Martin)
UniBasel Contributors:Martin, Ivan
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:AlphaMed Press
ISSN:1066-5099
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:23 Nov 2017 05:43
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:33

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