Regulatory network of lipid-sensing nuclear receptors: : roles for CAR, PXR, LXR, and FXR

Handschin, C. and Meyer, U. A.. (2005) Regulatory network of lipid-sensing nuclear receptors: : roles for CAR, PXR, LXR, and FXR. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 433 (2). pp. 387-396.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5258724

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Cloning and characterization of the orphan nuclear receptors constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3) and pregnane X receptor (PXR, NR1I2) led to major breakthroughs in studying drug-mediated transcriptional induction of drug-metabolizing cytochromes P450 (CYPs). More recently, additional roles for CAR and PXR have been discovered. As examples, these xenosensors are involved in the homeostasis of cholesterol, bile acids, bilirubin, and other endogenous hydrophobic molecules in the liver: CAR and PXR thus form an intricate regulatory network with other members of the nuclear receptor superfamily, foremost the cholesterol-sensing liver X receptor (LXR, NR1H2/3) and the bile-acid-activated farnesoid X receptor (FXR, NR1H4). In this review, functional interactions between these nuclear receptors as well as the consequences on physiology and pathophysiology of the liver are discussed.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Associated Research Groups > Pharmakologie (Handschin)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Growth & Development > Growth & Development (Handschin)
UniBasel Contributors:Handschin, Christoph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:27 Sep 2017 12:35
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:32

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