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Metal biogeochemistry in constructed wetlands based on fluviatile sand and zeolite- and clinopyroxene-dominated lava sand

Huang, Jen-How and Paul, Sonja and Mayer, Silke and Moradpour, Eloise and Hasselbach, Ralf and Gieré, Reto and Alewell, Christine. (2017) Metal biogeochemistry in constructed wetlands based on fluviatile sand and zeolite- and clinopyroxene-dominated lava sand. Scientific Reports (7). p. 2981.

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Abstract

For the first time, speciation of Fe, Mn, Zn, Ni, Cu and Pb was determined along the profiles of 8 constructed wetlands (CWs) consisting of fluviatile sand (Fluv), clinopyroxene-dominated lava sand (Cl-LS) and zeolite-dominated lava sand (Ze-LS), aiming at quantifying metal behaviour in CWs and the impact caused by different filter materials. With the exception of Mn, which underwent reductive dissolution, CWs were sinks for the studied metals. Metal accumulation rates differed in the following order: Ze-LS ≥ Cl-LS > Fluv CWs, reflecting the highest metal adsorption capacity and the lowest hydraulic conductivity of Ze-LS. Sequential extraction data indicated the highest metal mobility (readily mobilised and adsorbed fractions summing up to ~60%) in Fluv CWs, implying a higher risk of metal release into adjacent environments if Fluv from CWs will be improperly disposed after usage. Zinc and Ni were transported into the deeper CW layers to a larger extent than Cu and Pb, reflecting adsorption affinity to all filter materials in the order of Pb > Cu > Zn > Ni. Therefore, understanding metal speciation and mobility in such materials is crucial when they are considered for application as filters in CWs.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Umweltgeowissenschaften > Umweltgeowissenschaften (Alewell)
UniBasel Contributors:Huang, Jen-How
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
e-ISSN:2045-2322
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:18 Jun 2018 08:37
Deposited On:18 Jun 2018 08:37

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