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First detection of N1575Y mutation in pyrethroid resistant Anopheles gambiae in Southern Côte d'Ivoire

Edi, Ako Victorien Constant and N'Dri, Bedjou Prisca and Chouaibou, Mouhamadou and Kouadio, Fondjo Behi and Pignatelli, Patricia and Raso, Giovanna and Weetman, David and Bonfoh, Bassirou. (2017) First detection of N1575Y mutation in pyrethroid resistant Anopheles gambiae in Southern Côte d'Ivoire. Wellcome Open Research, 2. p. 71.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/57739/

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Abstract

Background. The intensification of insecticide use for both public health and agriculture in Africa has contributed to growing insecticide resistance. Today, resistance to World Health Organization (WHO)-approved insecticide classes is widespread. In an agricultural area of Southern Côte d'Ivoire, the main malaria vector Anopheles coluzzii shows multiple resistance across insecticides mediated by both target site mutation and metabolic mechanisms. To plan new vector control strategies and avert future resistance liabilities caused by cross-resistance mechanisms extant within populations, it is crucial to monitor the development and spread of both resistance and mechanisms. Methods. Larvae of Anopheles gambiae were collected from natural breeding sites in Tiassalé and Elibou, between April and November 2016 and raised to adults . Adult female non-blood fed mosquitoes, three to five days old, were exposed to deltamethrin in WHO bioassays. Extracted DNA samples from exposed mosquitoes were used for species characterisation and genotyping. Results. Most adult An. gambiae tested were resistant to deltamethrin, with mortality rates of only 25% in Tiassalé and 4.4% in Elibou. Molecular analysis of DNA from samples tested showed the presence of both An. coluzzii and An. gambiae s.s in Elibou and only An. coluzzii for Tiassalé. As previously, the L1014F kdr mutation was present at high frequency (79%) in Tiassalé and the L1014S mutation was absent. The N1575Y mutation, which amplifies resistance conferred by L1014F was detected in a single unique individual from a Tiassalé An. coluzzii female whereas in Elibou 1575Y was present in 10 An. gambiae s.s, but not in An. coluzzii. Conclusion. This is the first report of the N1575Y mutation in Côte d'Ivoire, and as in other populations, it is found in both dominant West African malaria vector species. Continued monitoring of N1575Y is underway, as are studies to elucidate its contribution to the resistance of local vector populations.
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH)
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Eco System Health Sciences > Health Impact Assessment (Utzinger)
UniBasel Contributors:N'Dri, Bedjou Prisca and Raso, Giovanna and Bonfoh, Bassirou
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:F1000Research
e-ISSN:2398-502X
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:21 Dec 2017 15:06
Deposited On:21 Dec 2017 15:06

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