A gate in the selectivity filter of potassium channels

Bernèche, Simon and Roux, Benoît. (2005) A gate in the selectivity filter of potassium channels. Structure: with folding and design, Vol. 13, H. 4. pp. 591-600.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5249311

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The selectivity filter of potassium channels is the structural element directly responsible for the selective and rapid conduction of K+, whereas other parts of the protein are thought to function as a molecular gate that either permits or blocks the passage of ions. However, whether the selectivity filter itself also possesses the ability to play the role of a gate is an unresolved question. Using free energy molecular dynamics simulations, it is shown that the reorientation of two peptide linkages in the selectivity filter of the KcsA K+ channel can lead to a stable nonconducting conformational state. Two microscopic factors influence the transition toward such a conformational state: the occupancy of one specific cation binding site in the selectivity filter (S2), and the strength of intersubunit interactions involving the GYG signature sequence. These results suggest that such conformational transitions occurring in the selectivity filter might be related to different K+ channel gating events, including C-type (slow) inactivation.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Computational Biophysics (Bernèche)
UniBasel Contributors:Bernèche, Simon
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Current Biology
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:22
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:31

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