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The maternal genetic make-up of the Iberian Peninsula between the Neolithic and the Early Bronze Age

Szécsényi-Nagy, Anna and Roth, Christina and Brandt, Guido and Rihuete-Herrada, Cristina and Tejedor-Rodríguez, Cristina and Held, Petra and García-Martínez-de-Lagrán, Íñigo and Arcusa Magallón, Héctor and Zesch, Stephanie and Knipper, Corina and Bánffy, Eszter and Friederich, Susanne and Meller, Harald and Bueno Ramírez, Primitiva and Barroso Bermejo, Rosa and de Balbín Behrmann, Rodrigo and Herrero-Corral, Ana M. and Flores Fernández, Raúl and Alonso Fernández, Carmen and Jiménez Echevarria, Javier and Rindlisbacher, Laura and Oliart, Camila and Fregeiro, María-Inés and Soriano, Ignacio and Vicente, Oriol and Micó, Rafael and Lull, Vicente and Soler Díaz, Jorge and López Padilla, Juan Antonio and Roca de Togores Muñoz, Consuelo and Hernández Pérez, Mauro S. and Jover Maestre, Francisco Javier and Lomba Maurandi, Joaquín and Avilés Fernández, Azucena and Lillios, Katina T. and Silva, Ana Maria and Magalhães Ramalho, Miguel and Oosterbeek, Luiz Miguel and Cunha, Claudia and Waterman, Anna J. and Roig Buxó, Jordi and Martínez, Andrés and Ponce Martínez, Juana and Hunt Ortiz, Mark and Mejías-García, Juan Carlos and Pecero Espín, Juan Carlos and Cruz-Auñón Briones, Rosario and Tomé, Tiago and Carmona Ballestero, Eduardo and Cardoso, João Luís and Araújo, Ana Cristina and Liesau von Lettow-Vorbeck, Corina and Blasco Bosqued, Concepción and Ríos Mendoza, Patricia and Pujante, Ana and Royo-Guillén, José I. and Esquembre Beviá, Marco Aurelio and Dos Santos Goncalves, Victor Manuel and Parreira, Rui and Morán Hernández, Elena and Méndez Izquierdo, Elena and Vega y Miguel, Jorge and Menduiña García, Roberto and Martínez Calvo, Victoria and López Jiménez, Oscar and Krause, Johannes and Pichler, Sandra L. and Garrido-Pena, Rafael and Kunst, Michael and Risch, Roberto and Rojo-Guerra, Manuel A. and Haak, Wolfgang and Alt, Kurt W.. (2017) The maternal genetic make-up of the Iberian Peninsula between the Neolithic and the Early Bronze Age. Scientific Reports, 7. p. 15644.

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Abstract

Agriculture first reached the Iberian Peninsula around 5700 BCE. However, little is known about the genetic structure and changes of prehistoric populations in different geographic areas of Iberia. In our study, we focus on the maternal genetic makeup of the Neolithic (~ 5500–3000 BCE), Chalcolithic (~ 3000–2200 BCE) and Early Bronze Age (~ 2200–1500 BCE). We report ancient mitochondrial DNA results of 213 individuals (151 HVS-I sequences) from the northeast, central, southeast and southwest regions and thus on the largest archaeogenetic dataset from the Peninsula to date. Similar to other parts of Europe, we observe a discontinuity between hunter-gatherers and the first farmers of the Neolithic. During the subsequent periods, we detect regional continuity of Early Neolithic lineages across Iberia, however the genetic contribution of hunter-gatherers is generally higher than in other parts of Europe and varies regionally. In contrast to ancient DNA findings from Central Europe, we do not observe a major turnover in the mtDNA record of the Iberian Late Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age, suggesting that the population history of the Iberian Peninsula is distinct in character.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Prähistorische und Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie (IPNA)
UniBasel Contributors:Pichler, Sandra L and Rindlisbacher, Laura and Alt, Kurt W.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2045-2322
e-ISSN:2045-2322
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
Identification Number:
Last Modified:02 Feb 2018 14:39
Deposited On:02 Feb 2018 14:39

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