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The influence of social support on breast cancer screening in a multicultural community sample

Katapodi, M. C. and Facione, N. C. and Miaskowski, C. and Dodd, M. and Waters, C.. (2002) The influence of social support on breast cancer screening in a multicultural community sample. Oncology Nursing Forum. pp. 847-852.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/57054/

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Abstract

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES:
To examine the relationship between women's reported social support and their adherence to recommended breast cancer screening guidelines.
DESIGN:
Descriptive, cross-sectional survey.
SETTING:
Community women's organizations throughout the San Francisco Bay Area.
SAMPLE:
833 mostly low-income women with a mean age of 46.2 years from three racial or ethnic groups (i.e., Latina, Caucasian, and African American) who were not breast cancer survivors.
METHODS:
Social support was measured with a five-item, four-point, Likert scale developed for the study (Cronbach's alpha = 0.7248). Adherence to screening guidelines was measured by asking frequency of performing breast self-examination (BSE) and frequency of obtaining a clinical breast examination (CBE) and a mammogram. Research assistants and leaders of women's organizations conducted the survey in work and community settings.
MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES:
Social support, performance of BSE, obtaining a CBE and a mammogram, income, education, spoken language, and level of acculturation.
FINDINGS:
Higher levels of social support were related to higher income and higher education. Lower levels of social support were associated with being Latina, completing the survey in Spanish, and being born abroad. Women who did not adhere to screening guidelines (for BSE or CBE) reported less social support.
CONCLUSIONS:
Social support is associated with adherence to breast cancer screening guidelines.
IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING:
Nurses should assess women's levels of social support as a factor when evaluating adherence to breast cancer screening guidelines.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Public Health > Institut für Pflegewissenschaft > Pflegewissenschaft (Katapodi)
UniBasel Contributors:Katapodi, Maria C
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Oncology Nursing Society
ISSN:0190-535X
e-ISSN:1538-0688
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:05 Dec 2017 13:27
Deposited On:05 Dec 2017 13:27

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