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Researcher allegiance as hidden moderator in psychotherapy outcome research

Gerger, Heike and Gaab, Jens. (2016) Researcher allegiance as hidden moderator in psychotherapy outcome research. Verhaltenstherapie : Praxis, Forschung, Perspektiven , 26 (1). pp. 41-45.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/56974/

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Abstract

Randomized controlled trials that compare 2 rival treatments are used as the standard design to identify those constituents of complex psychotherapeutic treatments that critically impact symptom improvement. This paper examines the impact of unbalanced researcher allegiance, i.e. the researchers' preference regarding a particular treatment, as an extra -therapeutic moderator of the treatment effect. As researcher allegiance can only be measured at study level, meta -analytic strategies are required to investigate the association between researcher allegiance and outcome. Our review shows that researcher allegiance has a considerable impact on outcome. Despite the finding that researcher allegiance may impact outcome particularly in studies of poorer quality, other causal pathways need to be considered when trying to understand the relationship between unbalanced researcher allegiance and outcome. Although the association between unbalanced researcher allegiance and outcome is well established, the causal pathways that mediate this association are not well understood to date. Accordingly, we conclude that explicit statements by researchers regarding their preferences in a comparative outcome trial (e.g. by stating clear hypotheses or by including a conflict of interest statement) appear to be the most straightforward response to our findings in order to protect the validity of conclusions from psychotherapy outcome research.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Klinische Psychologie und Neurowissenschaften > Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie (Gaab)
UniBasel Contributors:Gaab, Jens and Gerger, Heike
Item Type:Article
Article Subtype:Research Article
ISSN:1016-6262
e-ISSN:1423-0402
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:27 Oct 2018 13:23
Deposited On:27 Oct 2018 13:23

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