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Saffron Flower Extract Promotes Scratch Wound Closure of Keratinocytes and Enhances VEGF Production

Verjee, Sheela and Garo, Eliane and Pelaez, Sarah and Fertig, Orlando and Hamburger, Matthias and Butterweck, Veronika. (2017) Saffron Flower Extract Promotes Scratch Wound Closure of Keratinocytes and Enhances VEGF Production. Planta Medica, 83 (14/15). pp. 1176-1183.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/56579/

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Abstract

During saffron (Crocus sativus) spice production, large amounts of floral biowaste are generated. It was the aim of this study to develop a value-added product from saffron floral biowaste to be used as a natural cosmetic ingredient. HPLC-PDA-MS analysis of saffron flower extracts revealed the presence of flavonols with the highest amounts in the acetone extract. Kaempferol-3-O-sophoroside was identified as the main flavonoid in the acetone extract (saffron flower acetone extract). Saffron flower acetone extract and kaempferol-3-O-sophoroside were tested in HaCaT cells for potential effects on cell migration, proliferation, and for anti-inflammatory properties. Saffron flower acetone extract concentration dependently (50–200 µg/mL) augmented cell proliferation, as indicated by an increased BrdU-incorporation, while kaempferol-3-O-sophoroside (1–50 µM) had no effect. Furthermore, treatment of HaCaT cells with saffron flower acetone extract, but not with kaempferol-3-O-sophoroside, concentration-dependently increased vascular endothelial growth factor secretion (control 49.72 pg/mL vs. saffron flower acetone extract at 200 µg/mL 218.60 pg/mL). Cell migration was determined using time-lapse microscopy and a modification of the scratch-wound assay in which saffron flower acetone extract significantly improved wound closure compared to the untreated control. Overproduction of the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-8 and interleukin-6 in HaCaT cells was induced by TNF-α. Kaempferol-3-O-sophoroside (10–50 µM), but not saffron flower acetone extract, inhibited TNF-α-induced IL-8 secretion. The effect was comparable to 10 µM hydrocortisone (positive control). Interestingly, saffron flower acetone extract further increased IL-6 levels in TNF-α-treated HaCaT cells in a concentration-dependent manner. In summary, the pronounced wound healing properties of saffron flower acetone extract present a promising application for the cosmetic industry.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Pharmazeutische Biologie (Hamburger)
UniBasel Contributors:Hamburger, Matthias and Garo, Eliane and Fertig, Orlando
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Georg Thieme Verlag
ISSN:0032-0943
e-ISSN:1439-0221
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:09 May 2018 06:38
Deposited On:09 May 2018 06:38

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