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Impact of an electronic monitoring intervention to improve adherence to inhaled medication in patients with asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial

Gregoriano, Claudia and Dieterle, Thomas and Dürr, Selina and Arnet, Isabelle and Hersberger, Kurt E. and Leuppi, Jörg D.. (2017) Impact of an electronic monitoring intervention to improve adherence to inhaled medication in patients with asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Research Protocols, 6 (10). e204.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/56456/

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Abstract

Despite progress in pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment in recent years, the burden of disease among patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is high and patients are frequently hospitalized due to exacerbations. Reasons for uncontrolled diseases are manifold, but are often associated with poor inhalation technique and non-adherence to the prescribed treatment plan. This causes substantial mortality, morbidity, and costs to the healthcare system. In this respect, the study of causes for non-adherence and the development of measures to increase and maintain treatment adherence in chronic diseases is of major clinical importance.; The primary objective of this study is to investigate the impact of using specific, validated electronic devices on adherence to inhaled medication in patients with chronic obstructive lung diseases such as asthma and COPD. Furthermore, it aims to assess the impact of a reminder and close supervision of the course of disease and quality of life.; In this ongoing prospective, single-blind, randomized controlled study, adherence to inhaled medication is analyzed over a 6-month period in at least 154 in- and outpatients with asthma or COPD who have experienced at least 1 exacerbation during the last year. Adherence is measured using electronic data capture devices, which save the date and time of each inhalative device actuation and transfer these data daily via a wireless connection to a Web-based database. Patients are randomly assigned to either the intervention or the control group. The clinical intervention consists of an automated and personal reminder. The intervention group receives an audio reminder and support calls in case medication has not been taken as prescribed or if rescue medication is used more frequently than pre-specified in the study protocol. During the study, participants are assessed every 2 months in the form of clinical visits.; Recruitment started in January 2014. To date, a total of 169 patients have been recruited. Follow-up assessments are still ongoing. The study will be concluded in the first quarter of 2017. Data analysis will take place during 2017.; Few studies have investigated medication adherence in patients with chronic obstructive lung diseases. With this prospective study design and the use of state-of-the-art devices for measuring adherence, we expect scientifically relevant and clinically meaningful results that will have a substantial and positive impact on the provision of healthcare in chronically ill patients suffering from asthma or COPD.; ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02386722; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02386722 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6oJq1fel0).
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Pharmaceutical Care (Hersberger)
UniBasel Contributors:Arnet, Isabelle and Gregoriano, Claudia and Hersberger, Kurt E. and Leuppi, Jörg D. and Dieterle, Thomas
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:JMIR Publications
e-ISSN:1929-0748
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:27 Oct 2017 11:35
Deposited On:27 Oct 2017 11:35

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