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The Relationship between Trauma, Arrest, and Incarceration History among Black Americans: Findings from the National Survey of American Life

Jäggi, L. J. and Mezuk, B. and Watkins, D. C. and Jackson, J. S.. (2016) The Relationship between Trauma, Arrest, and Incarceration History among Black Americans: Findings from the National Survey of American Life. Society and Mental Health, 6 (3). pp. 187-206.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/56393/

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Abstract

Prior research indicates an association between exposure to trauma (e.g., being victimized) and perpetration of crime, especially in the context of chronic victimization. This study examines the relationship between trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and history of arrest and incarceration among a representative sample of black Americans from the National Survey of American Life (N = 5,189). One-third had a history of arrest, and 18 percent had a history of incarceration. Frequency of trauma exposure was associated with involvement with the criminal justice system. Relative to never experiencing trauma, experiencing >/=4 traumas was associated with elevated odds of arrest (odds ratio [OR] = 4.03), being jailed (OR = 5.15), and being imprisoned (OR = 4.41), all p <.01. PTSD was also associated with likelihood of incarceration among those with a history of trauma (OR = 2.18, p <.01). Both trauma exposure and trauma-associated psychopathology are associated with increased likelihood of arrest and incarceration in adulthood among black Americans.
Faculties and Departments:07 Faculty of Psychology > Departement Psychologie > Forschungsbereich Persönlichkeits- und Entwicklungspsychologie > Entwicklungs- und Persönlichkeitspsychologie (Grob)
UniBasel Contributors:Jäggi, Lena
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:SAGE
ISSN:2156-8731
e-ISSN:2156-8693
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:02 Nov 2017 07:43
Deposited On:27 Oct 2017 12:31

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