edoc

Millennia-Long Co-Existence of Two Major European Whitefish (Coregonus spp.) Lineages in Switzerland Inferred from Ancient Mitochondrial DNA

Granado Alonso, José David and Häberle, Simone and Hüster PLogmann, Heide and Schibler, Jörg and Schlumbaum, Angela. (2017) Millennia-Long Co-Existence of Two Major European Whitefish (Coregonus spp.) Lineages in Switzerland Inferred from Ancient Mitochondrial DNA. Diversity, 9 (3). p. 34.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/55994/

Downloads: Statistics Overview

Abstract

Archaeological fish remains are an important source for reconstructing past aquatic ecosystems and ancient fishing strategies using aDNA techniques. Here, we focus on archaeological samples of European whitefish ( Coregonus spp.) from Switzerland covering different time periods. Coregonus bones and scales are commonly found in archaeological assemblages, but these elements lack species specific features and thus inhibit morphological species identification. Even today, fish taxonomy is confusing and numerous species and ecotypes are recognized, and even more probably existed in the past. By targeting short fragments of the mitochondrial d-loop in 48 morphologically identified Coregonus scales and vertebrae from 10 archaeological sites in Switzerland, endogenous d-loop sequences were found in 24 samples from one Neolithic, two Roman, and four Medieval sites. Two major mtDNA clades, C and N, known from contemporary European whitefish populations were detected, suggesting co-occurrence for at least 5000 years. In the future, NGS technologies may be used to explore Coregonus or other fish species and ecotype diversity in the past to elucidate the human impact on lacustrine/limnic environments.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Biologie > Integrative Prähistorische und Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie (IPNA)
UniBasel Contributors:Häberle, Simone
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:MDPI
e-ISSN:1424-2818
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:29 May 2018 12:40
Deposited On:16 Oct 2017 08:19

Repository Staff Only: item control page