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The effects of walking speed on upper body kinematics during gait in healthy subjects

Romkes, Jacqueline and Bracht-Schweizer, Katrin. (2017) The effects of walking speed on upper body kinematics during gait in healthy subjects. Gait & Posture, 54. pp. 304-310.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/55595/

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Abstract

Patients undergoing a clinical gait analysis often walk slower than healthy people. However, data on how speed affects upper body movements, especially of the arms and shoulders, are scarce. Therefore, in this descriptive study, we examined how changes in walking speed affect upper-body kinematics and aspects of intersegmental coordination between upper and lower body during overground walking in a group of healthy adult subjects. Three-dimensional gait data were collected on 20 healthy subjects (aged between 22 and 31 years) walking at six speeds ranging from extremely slow to very fast. Our results showed significant speed-related changes of upper body kinematic movement curves in three aspects, namely in amplitude (curves for shoulder flexion and abduction, elbow flexion, pelvic obliquity and rotation), timing (curves for shoulder extension and abduction, elbow extension, pelvic rotation) and curve pattern (curves for shoulder and elbow flexion, shoulder rotation, pelvic tilt). The intersegmental coordination between the thorax and pelvis and arm and leg was also affected by a change of walking speed. Our data supplement the already available data in the literature examining the effects of walking speed on lower extremity motion. Furthermore, the data can be used as a reference for both basic biomechanical and clinical gait studies. The results will help in clinical practice to differentiate between effects caused by walking speed and underlying pathology.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (Klinik) > Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (UKBB) > Kinderorthopädie (Hasler)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (Klinik) > Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde (UKBB) > Kinderorthopädie (Hasler)
UniBasel Contributors:Romkes, Jacqueline
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0966-6362
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:06 Oct 2017 08:32
Deposited On:06 Oct 2017 08:32

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