Hybrid method to resolve the neutrino mass hierarchy by supernova (anti)neutrino induced reactions

Vale, D. and Rauscher, T. and Paar, N.. (2016) Hybrid method to resolve the neutrino mass hierarchy by supernova (anti)neutrino induced reactions. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, 02. 007.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/53891/

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We introduce a hybrid method to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy by simultaneous measurements of responses of at least two detectors to antineutrino and neutrino fluxes from accretion and cooling phases of core-collapse supernovae. The (anti)neutrino-nucleus cross sections for 56 Fe and 208 Pb are calculated in the framework of the relativistic nuclear energy density functional and weak interaction Hamiltonian, while the cross sections for inelastic scattering on free protons p(bar nu e ,e + )n are obtained using heavy-baryon chiral perturbation theory. The modelling of (anti)neutrino fluxes emitted from a protoneutron star in a core-collapse supernova include collective and Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein effects inside the exploding star. The particle emission rates from the elementary decay modes of the daughter nuclei are calculated for normal and inverted neutrino mass hierarchy. It is shown that simultaneous use of (anti)neutrino detectors with different target material allows to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy from the ratios of ν e - and bar nu e -induced particle emissions. This hybrid method favors neutrinos from the supernova cooling phase and the implementation of detectors with heavier target nuclei ( 208 Pb) for the neutrino sector, while for antineutrinos the use of free protons in mineral oil or water is the appropriate choice.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Physik > Former Organization Units Physics > Theoretische Physik Astrophysik (Thielemann)
UniBasel Contributors:Rauscher, Thomas
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:IOP Publishing
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:20 Feb 2017 12:50
Deposited On:20 Feb 2017 12:50

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