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Lake-stream divergence in stickleback life history: a plastic response to trophic niche differentiation?

Moser, D. and Kueng, B. and Berner, D.. (2015) Lake-stream divergence in stickleback life history: a plastic response to trophic niche differentiation? Evolutionary Biology, 42 (3). pp. 328-338.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/53446/

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Abstract

Speciation can be promoted by phenotypic plasticity if plasticity causes populations in ecologically different habitats to diverge in traits mediating reproductive isolation. Although this pathway can establish reproductive barriers immediately and without genetic divergence, it remains poorly investigated. In threespine stickleback fish, divergence in body size between populations represents a potent source of reproductive isolation because body size often influences reproductive behavior. However, the relative contribution of phenotypic plasticity and genetically based divergence to stickleback body size evolution has not been explored. We here do so by using populations residing contiguously in Lake Constance (Central Europe) and its tributaries, a system where lake fish exhibit strikingly larger size and greater age at maturity than stream fish. Laboratory experiments reveal the absence of substantial genetic divergence in intrinsic growth rates and maturation size thresholds between lake and stream fish. A field transplant experiment further demonstrates that lake fish display the life history typical of stream fish when exposed to stream habitats for one year, confirming that life history divergence in this system is mainly plastic. This plasticity appears to be driven by restricted food availability in the lake relative to the stream habitat. We thus propose that in this stickleback system, the exploitation of different trophic niches immediately promotes reproductive isolation via resource-based plasticity in life history.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Zoologie > Evolutionary Biology (Salzburger)
UniBasel Contributors:Berner, Daniel
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0071-3260
e-ISSN:1934-2845
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:03 Nov 2017 08:22
Deposited On:03 Nov 2017 08:22

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